Side Effect Medications

Side Effect Medications: Benzotropine

Side-Effect-Medications

Benzotropine, or Cogentin, is one of a class of drugs known as anticholinergics used to treat side effects

Constipation

This uncomfortable side effect does not usually go away, but it can usually be managed successfully. There are many medications that will cause you to become constipated. Do not take any over the counter laxative or supplemental fiber products before consulting with your doctor.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Constipation:

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day
Eat the daily recommended allowance of fiber foods, including breads, fruits, and vegetables — try eating two salads per day
Exercise regularly

Sexual Problems

Changes in sexual function may include difficulty achieving orgasms, delayed ejaculation, decreased physical sensation or problems with erections. These problems are sometimes the most difficult for people to discuss. They might feel embarrased and instead of mentioning it to their physician, they suffer with it or worse yet stop their medication on their own. Doctors are very accustomed to talking about these problems and they are interested in helping you get better from your illness. They may be able to change the time of your medication or add a medication to help with these side effects or risks.
Warnings

Benzotropine should be used with caution for persons who have prostatic problems, urinary problems, glaucoma, cardiovascular disease, myasthenia gravis, liver disease, or kidney disease. If you have any of these conditions, make sure your doctor is aware of it.

Overly high levels of benzotropine in the blood causes dilerium, coma, seizures, extreme agitation, hallucinations, hyptension, fast heartbeat, fever, flushed face, and dry skin.

Side Effect Medications: Diphenhydramine

Diphenhydramine, or Benadryl, is an antihistamine.

Dry Mouth or Decreased Salivation

Dry mouth (or decreased salivation) can be rather annoying. Although it may not go away completely, it does usually improve with time.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Dry Mouth:

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day
Suck on hard candy
Eat frozen grapes
Suck on ice chips
Visit the dentist more frequently to maintain tooth and gum health

Dizziness (or Orthostatic Hypotension)

Orthostatic-Hypotension

You may feel dizzy or lightheaded as the result of sitting/standing up too quickly. This occurs because your blood pressure drops a significant amount when you change your posture. The condition should correct itself quickly, in a matter of moments, but it is important to let your doctor know about this problem right away.

To avoid injury from dizziness induced falls:

Make sure to change from a lying to sitting and sitting to standing position more slowly than you usually would.
Use solid supports when getting up. Have something strong to lean on should you become dizzy.

Constipation

This uncomfortable side effect does not usually go away, but it can usually be managed successfully. There are many medications that will cause you to become constipated. Do not take any over the counter laxative or supplemental fiber products before consulting with your doctor.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Constipation:

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day
Eat the daily recommended allowance of fiber foods, including breads, fruits, and vegetables — try eating two salads per day
Exercise regularly

Warnings

Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine should be taken with caution by persons with urinary problems, asthma, enlarged prostate, or glaucoma.

Side Effect Medications: Propanolol

Propanolol is one of the beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists, sometimes known as “beta blockers.”

Constipation

This uncomfortable side effect does not usually go away, but it can usually be managed successfully. There are many medications that will cause you to become constipated. Do not take any over the counter laxative or supplemental fiber products before consulting with your doctor.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Constipation:

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day
Eat the daily recommended allowance of fiber foods, including breads, fruits, and vegetables — try eating two salads per day
Exercise regularly

Insomnia

Insomnia can mean difficulty with falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. The problem can range in severity. There are many medications that will cause insomnia. Your chances depend both upon your own physiology and the particular medication you are taking. Call your doctor. Most doctors will tell you to take the medication in the morning to reduce the effects of insomnia. Or, s/he may prescribe a medicine to help you sleep, change your dose, or change your medication.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Insomnia:

Many people say that reducing their caffeine intake helps with insomnia
Others say that practicing relaxation techniques, listening to music or reading, before going to bed helps
Avoid eating heavy meals before bedtime
Avoid exercising before bedtime

Warnings

Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine should be taken with caution by persons with urinary problems, asthma, enlarged prostate, or glaucoma.

Side Effect Medications: Amantadine

Amantadine or Symmetrel is an antiparkinsonian medications used to treat side effects of antipsychotic medications

Dizziness (or Orthostatic Hypotension)

You may feel dizzy or lightheaded as the result of sitting/standing up too quickly. This occurs because your blood pressure drops a significant amount when you change your posture. The condition should correct itself quickly, in a matter of moments, but it is important to let your doctor know about this problem right away.

To avoid injury from dizziness induced falls:

Make sure to change from a lying to sitting and sitting to standing position more slowly than you usually would.
Use solid supports when getting up. Have something strong to lean on should you become dizzy.

Constipation

Constipation

This uncomfortable side effect does not usually go away, but it can usually be managed successfully. There are many medications that will cause you to become constipated. Do not take any over the counter laxative or supplemental fiber products before consulting with your doctor.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Constipation:

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day
Eat the daily recommended allowance of fiber foods, including breads, fruits, and vegetables — try eating two salads per day
Exercise regularly

Insomnia

Insomnia can mean difficulty with falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. The problem can range in severity. There are many medications that will cause insomnia. Your chances depend both upon your own physiology and the particular medication you are taking. Call your doctor. Most doctors will tell you to take the medication in the morning to reduce the effects of insomnia. Or, s/he may prescribe a medicine to help you sleep, change your dose, or change your medication.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Insomnia:

Many people say that reducing their caffeine intake helps with insomnia
Others say that practicing relaxation techniques, listening to music or reading, before going to bed helps
Avoid eating heavy meals before bedtime
Avoid exercising before bedtime

Side Effect Medications: Trihexyphenidyl HCl

Trihexyphenidyl HCl or Artane is an antiparkinsonian medications used to treat side effects of antipsychotic medications

Dizziness (or Orthostatic Hypotension)

You may feel dizzy or lightheaded as the result of sitting/standing up too quickly. This occurs because your blood pressure drops a significant amount when you change your posture. The condition should correct itself quickly, in a matter of moments, but it is important to let your doctor know about this problem right away.

To avoid injury from dizziness induced falls:

Make sure to change from a lying to sitting and sitting to standing position more slowly than you usually would.
Use solid supports when getting up. Have something strong to lean on should you become dizzy.

Dry Mouth or Decreased Salivation

Dry mouth (or decreased salivation) can be rather annoying. Although it may not go away completely, it does usually improve with time.

Daily Routine Strategies to Help Combat Dry Mouth:

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day
Suck on hard candy
Eat frozen grapes
Suck on ice chips
Visit the dentist more frequently to maintain tooth and gum health

Nervousness

Nervousness

Nervousness is when you feel tense. Some people are unable to sit still for any length of time, fidget, or pace. Sometimes they will play with their clothing or wring their hands. Notify your doctor if you are feeling nervous so that s/he can change your prescription.

If your are feeling extremely nervous, try to

find a quiet area in your home.
listen to quiet relaxing music.

Tachycardia

Tachycardia means that your heart is beating rapidly and above 100 beats per minute. Normally you do not feel your heart beating, but when your heart is beating rapidly, you may be more aware of how fast your heart is beating. Tachycardia is not usually dangerous unless you are having chest pain or unable to get your breath (shortness of breath). If you are experiencing chest pain or shortness of breath, call your doctor and go to the emergency room.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma occurs when the eye is unable to get rid of excess fluid, thus the fluid builds up and puts pressure on the optic nerve.. It causes blurry vision, rainbow halos around lights, headaches, and nausea and vomiting. It can be caused by some antidepressant medications. Should you have blurry vision, tell your doctor. Regular glaucoma screening tests are very important if you are taking antidepressants.

Antianxiety Medications: Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines (also called antianxiety drugs, minor tranquilizers, or sedative-hypnotics) are used to facilitate sleep, relieve anxiety, or decrease agitation. There are several ways to classify Benzodiazepines, but length of action may be one useful way for patients.

Short-acting Benzodiazepines include alprazolam (Xanax), estazolam (ProSom), lorazepam (Antivan), midazolam (Versed), oxazepam (Serax), temazepam (Restoril), and triazolam (Halcion).

Long acting Benzodiazepines include chlordiazeproxide (Librium), clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), flurazepam (Dalmane), halazepam (Paxipam), prazepam (Centrax), and quazepam (Doral).

Dizziness (or Orthostatic Hypotension)

You may feel dizzy or lightheaded as the result of sitting/standing up too quickly. This occurs because your blood pressure drops a significant amount when you change your posture. The condition should correct itself quickly, in a matter of moments, but it is important to let your doctor know about this problem right away.

To avoid injury from dizziness induced falls:

Make sure to change from a lying to sitting and sitting to standing position more slowly than you usually would.
Use solid supports when getting up. Have something strong to lean on should you become dizzy.

Warnings

Benzodiazepines are habit-forming and are sometimes abused. Always talk to your doctor before changing your medication. Stopping a Benzodiazepine suddenly may result in withdrawl or seizures, especially if it is a short-acting Benzodiazepine.
Do not drink alcohol while taking Benzodiazepines. The combination of Benzodiazepines and alcohol can lead to respiratory problems, coma, and death.