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In our life activities there is hardly a more exciting and dramatic sphere of human activity other than the pursuit and implementation of the personal goals. Moreover, it can be argued that the main sources of ill-intended people are just an imperfect targeting of their personal goals and failure to achieve them learn to a large degree of discouragement in personal life of an individual. We can distinguish three major categories of personal goal-setting by their source.
We have distributed these goals from the increase in quality - from the simplest to the highest.
It all starts with settings of personal desires and consequently setting of personal aims that are desired to be achieved as the result of the chosen activity. There are no more exciting and dramatic sphere of human activity, than the pursuit and implementation of these goals. Best of all examples of goal achievement delivered in commercial firms and interests, much worse is the case at the state level.
To make the concept transparent it is imperative to start with definition of the notion of "objective" it is simply this: the purpose is the expected result or objectified motive. Another thing - where the goal is taken, the reasons for these results are planned? By source of are the following categories of goal-setting.
Commanded (passive) targeting. This embedding targets in human activities, organization, society objectively or externally. This includes:
A) purposefulness of jobs. The simplest level of goal-setting, the continuation of someone's external goals, generated directory. Another thing is that the goal-task would inevitably pass through personal and group interests of performers and converted into goal-orientation, ie, in their understanding of the obtained jobs or ways to implement them. The differences between the objectives, tasks and objectives, orientations can be as irrelevant, and blocking;
B) purposefulness of needs vital and psychological. Here we are dealing with so-called teleonomy - objectives organically and inevitably formed on the human level, organization, society, state, and humanity. For example, the need for survival determines the development of production systems, food and housing, health and so on. Strictly speaking, these goals are not subject to subjective choice. For example, the profit for the business owner is not selected, it is a condition for the existence of the company in the market: if there is no profit - the company disappears. It's like breathing for the animal or person;
C) purposefulness of threats. This level of goal-setting occurs in response to the questions: what to avoid, what to resist? Here it is about some subjectivity, because the threat must be detected in contrast to needs that are manifested themselves. Development of security systems as a protective and proactive type - a mass practice of mankind in all ages;
D) purposefulness of problems. It is due to happen or anticipated failure to implement some plans, obstacles, lack, failure. The problem is the difficulty in overcoming difficulties. In other words, this is not the obstacle, and why these obstacles can not be overcome. For example: the head of local administration argues that the main problem - the spring floods. In fact, the problem is why the administration and the population can not withstand these floods? Typical questions for this type of goal-setting: what to take, where to find the solution.
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